Law is a system of rules and principles that govern human conduct, especially in government. This includes laws that regulate business, property, and money.
Legal systems can vary significantly, from one country to another. For example, some countries use a system called civil law while others are based on common law or customary law.
A civil law system is a set of rules arranged in codes and often easy to understand for citizens and judges. This kind of law favors cooperation and order, though it is still dynamic enough to adapt to change over time.
The most prominent civil law jurisdictions are those in continental Europe, including France and Germany. Other important systems include those in the United States, Asia, Africa, and South America.
Lien: A claim on another person’s property to secure a debt. A lien is recorded in the land records and can be enforced by a court.
Pending Case: A case pending for trial that is being heard in court and has not been resolved. This usually means that the judge has not yet made a final decision on a case.
Evidence: Testimony or other documents or objects presented to prove a fact at a trial.
Defendant: A person who is being accused of a crime.
Attorney: A person who represents a party in a lawsuit or criminal case.
Public law involves the legal system of the government and its courts. This includes the rules of how to govern a city, state, and country. It also involves the government’s powers to collect taxes, levy fines, and prosecute offenders.
Taxation and banking are examples of this type of law. These laws establish minimum standards for taxes, and rules about the amount of capital banks must hold, as well as other regulations to insure against economic crises.
Regulation: These laws involve government’s responsibilities to provide certain services or utilities, such as electricity, gas, and water. These laws also require the government to keep a record of what it does and how much is collected.
Laws are created and amended by government representatives and judges, usually through legislation. The word “law” comes from Greek and translates to “commands” or “regulations.”
Religious Law: Religion can play an important role in the creation of laws. Islam, for instance, has a number of different precepts, known as Sharia and Fiqh, that are the basis of Islamic law.
Equality before the law: The rule of law is a major aspect of the American constitutional system, which protects the rights of all citizens. This involves ensuring that everyone is treated equally under the law, regardless of race, gender, religion, nationality or other differences.
The legal system is a social institution that serves the interests of society. It combines history, tradition and legal technique to satisfy the social wants of a community.